TravelSmart - a better way to goSpacer
Vermillion Line
TravelSmart - a better way to goSpacer

 This website is no longer being updated

The TravelSmart Australia website is no longer being maintained or updated but remains here as an archive for your information.



Integrating Cycling with Travel Behaviour Change Programs

This first national cycling conference, organised by the Bicycle Federation of Australia Inc was held in Canberra on 20th & 21st November 2003, with the support of the Australian Government and Bicycle Victoria.

CONNECTING CYCLING exposed policy makers, practitioners, cycling groups and enthusiasts to current thinking and best practice in travel behaviour change; and provided information & resources on how to develop cost-effective programs to increase cycling and public transport usage.

Conference presentations

Presentations by conference keynote speakers are available for downloading as PDF and Powerpoint files. (PDF help)

Valuing NonMotorized Transport

Todd Litman, Director, Victoria Transport Policy Institute


We know that cycling and walking are good, but just how good? Non-motorized transport provides a variety of benefits to users and society, particularly when they substitute for automobile travel. Conventional transport planning practices tend to overlook or miss-measure many of these benefits, and as a result, undervalue non-motorized modes. This presentation describes the benefits of cycling and walking, how they can be measured, and the implications of incorporating these impacts into transport planning. It also describes how cycling and walking programs can help achieve transport planning objectives.

Non-motorized transport provides mobility, health and recreation benefits. Walking and cycling are particularly important modes for people who are economically, physically and socially disadvantaged, and so they provide equity benefits. When non-motorized modes substitute for driving they help reduce traffic congestion, road and parking facility costs, consumer costs, energy consumption, noise and air pollution emissions. Most transit and rideshare trips involve non-motorized links, and often the best way to improve transit service and increase transit use is to improve walking conditions at destination areas. Because these modes are space efficient they help support strategic land use planning objectives to increase clustering and protect green space.

Use and Abuse of Language - or why the way we talk stops us doing what we want to do

Ian Ker, Principal Planner/Economist, Australian Road Research Board


'You never really learn to swear until you learn to drive', or so the saying goes across the internet. Whilst many cyclists will have been on the receiving end of abusive language, there are more insidious abuses of language that are impediments to the effective adoption of non-traditional paradigms in transport.

It is not only within transport that language is a barrier. Transport people have rarely talked the language of other sectors - we have difficulty enough communicating with land use planners, but how often do we talk with health planners, education planners and others to find common ground for mutual benefit?

The presentation will discuss ways in which language is an impediment to travel behaviour change (TBC), at the political and professional level, but does not prevent individuals making changes of their own free will when given the means to do so. It will also discuss why TBC is sensible health, education and social policy - in addition to the beneficial impacts for sustainability and environment policy.

Thinking outside the bike

Liz Ampt, International Head of Behavioural Research , Steer Davies Gleave


The presentation starts with a definition of voluntary behaviour change (individuals making choices for personal reward without a top-down mechanism, regulation, or a feeling of compulsion). It then examines the principles underlying this type of change as learnt from other disciplines, such as energy, water and waste as well as travel behaviour change.

Using these principles, it challenges and stimulates the cycling fraternity to think of processes to incorporate a voluntary behaviour change approach into the ways in which cycling is discussed and promoted. It presents examples of voluntary behaviour change where cycling is connected (i.e. using the bottom-up approach characteristic of voluntary behaviour change) and others where it is not (i.e. a top-down approach was predominant).

Bikes and Travel Behaviour Change - A Transport Engineer's Perspective

Professor Geoffrey Rose, Director of the Institute of Transport Studies, Monash University


Travel behaviour change programs are attracting increased interest in Australia, as reflected by the TravelSmart initiatives being undertaken in many States. A Travel Behaviour Change program can be defined as a 'public engagement campaign designed to enable individuals to become more aware of their travel options and where possible exercise choices which reduce use of the private motor vehicle'. Are travel behaviour change programs a necessary or sufficient condition for increasing bicycle use?

In this presentation, a model of the traffic system is used to discuss a range of issues of relevance to increasing the role which cycling can play in our urban transport systems. The model focuses on the key traffic system elements of the user, the vehicle and the roadway. In a cycling context, travel behaviour change programs focus primarily on the rider. The scope and need for innovation in vehicles and infrastructure is considered.

For a copy of all presentations delivered at the conference, contact the Travel Demand Management Program, Australian Greenhouse Office tel: (02) 6274 1343.

Further information is available at Bicycle Federation of Australia web site: